Recent immigrants are more likely to be employed than Canadian-born citizens.

Recent immigrants are more likely to be employed than Canadian-born citizens.

Recent immigrants are more likely to be employed than Canadian-born citizens.

Examining the impact of immigration policies on the Canadian economy
 
Over the next three years, Canada hopes to welcome approximately 1.45 million immigrants, with 60% of them coming through the economic immigration programs.

This influx of newcomers is expected to have a wide range of positive effects on the Canadian economy and society, some of which are already visible, according to Desjardins’ new study on the impact of federal immigration targets.

For example, new immigrants are now more likely to be employed than their Canadian-born peers. This is an unusual and recent phenomenon that stems from the convergence of two major trends: a noticeable increase in the employment rate of new immigrants beginning in 2016; and a gradual decline in the employment rate of Canadian-born individuals.

This effect is influenced by the demographics of each group. New immigrants are disproportionate of core working age (25-54 years) and therefore are frequently chosen for human capital factors that make them ideal workers in Canada. On the other hand, Canada has an aging population, with a steady stream of retirees leaving the workforce each year (a key reason for immigration to occur in the first place). In this context, the broader economic effects of immigration are appropriate.
New immigrants will alter Canada’s demographics.
Immigration is central to Canada’s population growth. The majority of new immigrants are economically motivated and of working age. Canada’s population is expected to grow much younger as a result of the massive influx expected in the coming years. The median age of Canadians is currently 41 years, with retirees leaving the labor force every year.
The influx of core-aged immigrants is expected to bring not only the societal benefits of having to raise Canada’s population to self-sustaining levels (i.e., a birthrate of at least two per household) but also a slew of economic benefits to the home nation.

New immigrants are expected to boost GDP growth potential.
New immigrants are more likely to be employed. Many of them have jobs already before they come to the country, and they are admitted for human capital factors that will allow them to contribute effectively to that same workforce.
As a result, immigration is expected to boost Canada’s GDP (gross domestic Product) per capita, as labor input increases with immigration. GDP is the total monetary value of all finished goods and services produced within the borders of a country. An increase in GDP is generally indicative of a healthy economy and can lead to additional advantages like increased hiring and wage growth.

The influx of newcomers is expected to boost the supply side of the economy and decrease unemployment inflationary pressures on the Canadian economy.

Can Canada cope with this influx of newcomers?
The cyclical outcomes for immigrants in the labor market were a key finding in the Desjardins studies. Every ten years, there is a spike in newcomer underemployment, which then subsides (though after 10 years in Canada, the unemployment rates for immigrants and Canadians were largely indistinguishable).
As they begin to establish themselves in Canada, newly landed immigrants may have a more difficult time gaining an initial foothold in the Canadian labor market. These findings have raised concerns about whether Canada is prepared for the massive influx of immigrants it expects over the next three years.

Having said that, there are still signs that newcomers will fare well in the labour market. Job openings are currently at an all-time high, more than double what they were during the pandemic. The labor market remains narrow, which is one of the primary reasons for the historic immigration targets. In addition to an aging workforce, newcomers with in-demand skills and desirable human capital factors appear to possess a better chance of success in the Canadian labour market.

In summary, Canada’s immigration targets are expected to make the nation better both socially and economically. Following the COVID-19 pandemic, Canada has a greater need for immigrants than ever before, and there are reasons for both newcomers and Canadians about being optimistic about the future.

 

Quebec has its own immigration process, with distinct programs and selection criteria. Because of its unique francophone status, Quebec has more immigration authority than any other province or territory in Canada. The Canadian Constitution states that immigration is subject to both federal and provincial jurisdiction, but the federal government exercises authority in this area. Quebec established its own immigration ministry in 1968.
Quebec now has the authority to set its own immigration targets and select immigrants based on its own criteria and procedures. It is the only province with complete authority over admission to the economic admissions pathway. The federal government is responsible for selecting candidates through economic pathways in the rest of the country, employing its own selection criteria and ranking system. Regardless of the immigration pathway, the federal government has the final say on admissions into the country.

A candidate must first apply to the provincial government in order to immigrate to Quebec. The province will evaluate the candidate according to its own rules and criteria. If chosen, the candidate will receive a Certificat de selection du Quebec (CSQ) from the Quebec Ministry of Labour

of Immigration. Once issued a CSQ, only then will the candidate be able to apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for permanent residence. Immigration objectives
The 2023 Quebec Immigration Plan, released by the Ministry of Immigration, Francisation, and Integration, outlines the province’s immigration targets for the year. According to the plan, the province expects to admit between 49,500 and 52,500 people in 2023.

The economic category will account for the greatest proportion of newcomers, with a target of 33,900 people accounting for more than 65% of newcomers. Quebec anticipates welcoming up to 29,500 skilled workers and up to 4,300 business immigrants, which include self-employed, investors, and entrepreneurs.
In addition, Quebec hopes to welcome between 10,200 and 10,600 newcomers through family reunification in 2023, as well as between 6,900 and 7,500 refugees and people in similar situations.
Immigrants from France
The Coalition Avenir Quebec (CAQ), Quebec’s ruling party, has made protecting the French language one of its top priorities. To that end, the province hopes to select immigrants coming to Quebec through economic immigration programs who already speak French.

In November 2022, Quebec Premier Francois Legault delivered a speech to the National Assembly of Quebec in which he discussed the importance of Francophone immigration to the province. He stated that by 2026, all Quebec economic immigrants would be required to be french Canadian.

How to immigrate to Quebec

There are several ways to immigrate to Quebec, including skilled worker pathways, family sponsorship, and business possible alternatives.
When selecting skilled worker immigrants, Quebec places a special emphasis on knowledge of French, but it is possible to meet the requirements for Quebec’programsimmigrationprogramss without speaking French.
The Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) and the Quebec Experience Program are two of Quebec’s economic immigration programmed (PEQ). The QSWP is designed for highly skilled foreign workers who want to become permanent residents of Canada and live in Quebec. The PEQ is a popular option for skilled workers with qualifying work experience in the province, as well as international students with a diploma from a Quebec post-secondary institution.
The Quebec government manages skilled worker applications through Arrima, an online platform. It was established in 2018 to expedite the processing of immigration applications and to match immigration candidates with the labor market needs of the provinces. Candidates seeking to immigrate to Quebec can create a profile, which, if eligible, is assigned a scoring rate and ranked against other candidates in the pool. The Expression of Interest (EOI) system is used to select candidates.

Through family class sponsorship, a person may be eligible for immigration to Quebec. If the person has a Quebec spouse or common-law partner, that spouse or partner may sponsor them to come live with them. If the person is a dependent child or grandchild of a Quebec resident, they may also be eligible for sponsorship.

The sponsor must sign an “undertaking” that makes them legally responsible for the family member they wish to sponsor, and they may be required to demonstrate that they’re able to provide the necessary income to support the family member. The length of an undertaking and the income requirements for a sponsor differ in Quebec from the rest of the country.

There are two types of  programs in Canada:
Temporary Foreign Worker Program: To obtain a work permit, the foreign worker must complete a Labour market impact assessment (LMIA).
International Mobility Program: An LMIA is not required for a foreign worker to obtain a work permit under the International Mobility Program.

An LMIA is used to demonstrate that hiring a foreign worker will not have a negative impact on the Canadian labour market. Despite the fact that the LMIA process is common, there are numerous LMIA-exempt work permits.

Quebec has its own set of work permit requirements. Quebec has its own list of occupations that qualify for something like an expedited LMIA expedite. In addition to an LMIA, a foreign worker must obtain a Certificat Acceptance du Quebec (CAQ) in order to obtain a work permit.

Similar to the process for obtaining a work permit, prospective students in Quebec must also obtain a CAQ if they wish to study in the province.

The same as the work permit process, in order to obtain a student permit in Quebec, the prospective student must also obtain a CAQ if they wish to study in the province.

Only after obtaining the CAQ can the foreign worker or student apply to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada for a work or study permit.
 
The province of British Columbia

On January 24, British Columbia issued 221 invitations to apply to candidates in a general draw that included tech professions.Candidates in the Skilled Worker and International Graduates categories, as well as Express Entry candidates, received friend requests.
Entry-level and semi-skilled candidates were also invited. The general draw SIRS score ranged from 82-102.

What are my rights as a Temporary Foreign Worker in Canada?Even as temporary workers, foreign nationals in Canada have rights that their employers should indeed respect or face legal consequences.Canada’s human rights policies are broad, even extending to foreign nationals working temporarily in the country.Foreign nationals working in Canada are given the same rights and protections as citizens and permanent residents under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP), this same two main paths for foreign workers to work in Canada.

These rights are legally protected, which means that if you are a foreign worker, your employer must follow this same protections outlined in the TFWP and IMP or face legal repercussions.

 

What am I entitled to as a temporary foreign worker?

Foreign worker rights are divided into two categories: what employers must do to comply with program and legal standards, and what employers must not do in order to comply.

What must my employer do to respect my rights?
Your employer must, according to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC),:

  1. Provide you with information about your legal rights;
  2. Provide you with a signed copy of your employment contract prior to or on the first day of work;
  3. Pay for your work in accordance with your employment contract. Employers must honour overtime if your agreement includes it.
  4. Make reasonable efforts to provide you with an abusive-free workplace (including retaliation);
  5. Adhere to the employment and recruitment standards of the province or territory in which you work; and
  6. Train you to do your job safely, including how to operate any equipment or machinery safely—including providing protective equipment and training;
  7. Take reasonable steps to provide you with access to healthcare if you are injured or become ill at work; and
  8. If you are, provide reasonable healthcare services for injured or become ill at the workplace.

In accordance with my rights, what must my employer not do?
Employers are also required not to do certain things, similar to what they must do under the TFWP and IMP; for example, your employer cannot:

  • Force you to do dangerous work or work that your employment contract does not allow you to do;
  • compel you to work despite being sick or injured;
  • You may be pressured or forced to work overtime that is not specified in your employment agreement.
  • Punish you for reporting mistreatment, unsafe work, or inadequate housing, or for cooperating with a government employee’s inspection;
  • Remove your passport from your possession;
  • Change your immigration status or deport you from Canada; or
  • Require you to reimburse any recruitment-related fees they may have paid in order to hire you.
  • What happens if my employer fails to comply?
    If your employer is found to be in violation of the TFWP or IMP standards, they will face legal consequences. If your employer is found to have violated the law after December 1st, 2015, they will:IRCC has issued a warning;
    Penalties of up to $100,000 per violation, up to a total of $1 million per year;
    Their company name and address will be published on the IRCC website, along with information about the violation and its consequences.
    Suspended or revoked previously issued Labour Market Impact Assessments (LMIAs). An LMIA is an internal assessment conducted by the Canadian government to determine the impact of hiring a foreign worker on the Canadian labor market. It is required prior to hiring a foreign worker in Canada; and
    Be removed with the inability to rejoin the TFWP or IMP.

How do I report non-compliance from my employer?

If your employer is found to be non-compliant, you must report them to the appropriate authorities.

You can reach Service Canada via their tip line at +1-866-602-9448. This is a confidential service for foreign workers that is available in over 200 languages. A similar online form is available for completion.

Furthermore, there are several organizations in Canada that provide assistance to migrant workers:

Workers in British Columbia can get in touch with the Community Airport Newcomers Network or MOSAIC; workers in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba can get in touch with the Calgary Catholic Immigration Society via their TFW Hub or Community Support Services; workers in Ontario, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island can get in touch with KAIROS Canada; and workers in Quebec can get in touch with Travailleurs Etrangers Temporaries.

If necessary, temporary foreign workers can also report other issues with their employers to IRCC that are not covered by the TFWP or IMP.
In accordance with my rights, what must my employer not do?
Employers are also required not to do certain things, similar to what they must do under the TFWP and IMP; for example, your employer cannot:Force you to do dangerous duties or duties that your employment contract does not allow you to be doing;
compel you to work despite being sick or injured;

  1. You may be pressured or forced to work overtime that is not specified in your employment agreement.
  2. Punish you for reporting mistreatment, unsafe work, or inadequate housing, or for cooperating with a government employee’s inspection;
  3. Remove your passport from your possession;
  4. Change your immigration status or deport you from Canada; or
  5. Make sure you reimburse them for any recruitment-related fees they may have paid in order to hire you.

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