Six selection factors – Federal Skilled Worker Program (Express Entry)
Canada use selection factor points to help assess your eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.Canada will assess your selection factors and assign an overall score out of 100.
If you score 67 points or higher, you may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.
If you meet the other requirements too, you can submit a profile to the Express Entry pool. Once you’re in the Express Entry pool, we use a different system to rank your profile.
If you score lower than 67 points, you won’t qualify for the program. You may be able to get a higher score by doing things like:
- improving your language skills
- completing another degree, diploma, or certificate
- receiving an offer of arranged employment in Canada
Language skills (maximum 28 points)
It’s very important to be able to communicate in 1 or both of Canada’s official languages. Knowing English, French or both helps you in the Canadian job market.
You can get up to 28 points for your language skills in English and French. We’ll give you points based on your ability to:
You must take an approved language test to prove your language levels.
To measure your English or French levels, we use:
- Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) for English
- Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French
You must get a minimum level of CLB 7 or NCLC 7 for 1 official language in all 4 language areas. To get points for the second official language, you must meet the minimum level of CLB 5 or NCLC 5 in all 4 language areas.
Once you take the language test, you can use it to see exactly how many points we’ll give you for the language selection factor.
Find out more about language testing and how to get tested.
Calculate your language points
First official language (maximum 24 points)
Check the table below and add the points that match your skill level:
|First official language||Speaking||Listening||Reading||Writing|
|CLB level 9 or higher||6||6||6||6|
|CLB level 8||5||5||5||5|
|CLB level 7||4||4||4||4|
|Below CLB level 7||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply||Not eligible to apply|
Second official language (maximum 4 points)
You can get 4 points only if you have a score of at least CLB 5 in each of the 4 language abilities.
|Second official language||Points|
|At least CLB 5 in all of the 4 abilities||4|
|CLB 4 or less in any of the 4 abilities||0|
Education (maximum 25 points)
If you went to school in Canada, you must have a certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
- secondary institution (high school) or
- post-secondary institution
If you have foreign education, you must have:
- an for immigration purposes from a designated organization showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian:
- secondary institution (high school) or
- post-secondary institution
You must include your Canadian credential or your foreign credential and Educational Credential Assessment report when you apply.
- How to read your report and calculate your points for education
Work experience (maximum 15 points)
You can get points for the number of years you’ve spent doing full-time paid work (at least 30 hours per week, or an equal amount of part-time [15 hours per week for 24 months]) at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2016National Occupational Classification.
To get selection factor points, your work experience will count if it was:
- in Canada or abroad
- while you were studying
- while being self-employed
Finding your National Occupational Classification (NOC)
The NOC is a list of all the occupations in the Canadian labour market and is used to classify jobs in the Canadian economy. It describes duties, skills, talents and work settings for different jobs.
You will need to identify the “NOC code” for each job that you want to include in your Express Entry profile.Find your NOC to find the information that best matches each of your past jobs.
You’ll need this information again, so make sure to save it.
If the description and list of main duties match what you did at your job(s), you can count this experience for points.
Use this chart to find the number of points based on your number of years of experience.
|Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|6 or more years||15|
Age (maximum 12 points)
You’ll get points based on your age on the day we get your application.
|47 and older||0|
Arranged employment in Canada (maximum 10 points)
You can get points if you have a job offer of at least 1 year from a Canadian employer. You must get the job offer before you apply to come to Canada as a Federal Skilled Worker.
A has to be:
- for continuous, paid, full-time work (minimum of 30 hours/week) that is:
- not seasonal
- for at least 1 year
- in an occupation listed as Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the NOC.
We must be convinced that:
- you’re able to do the job offered to you
- you’ll be able to become licensed or certified when in Canada (if the occupation is regulated in Canada)
To get 10 points for a valid job offer, 1 of these situations must also apply.
You currently work in Canada on a work permit and you meet all of the following conditions:
- Your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or you’re allowed to work in Canada without a work permit when your visa is issued).
- We issued your work permit based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada in an occupation listed under skill type 0 or skill level A or B of the NOC.
- You’re working for an employer named on your work permit.
- That employer has made a valid job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
You currently work in Canada in a job that is exempt from the LMIA requirement because of 1 of the following:
- an international agreement (such as, the North American Free Trade Agreement) or
- significant benefit to Canadian interests or
- a federal-provincial agreement
You must also meet all of the following conditions:
- Your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or you’re allowed to work in Canada without a permit when your permanent resident visa is issued).
- Your current employer has made a valid job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
- You are currently working for the employer specified on your work permit.
- You have been working for that employer for at least 1 year, continuous full-time or part-time equivalent.
You must meet all of the following conditions:
- You currently don’t have a work permit, or don’t plan to work in Canada before you get a permanent resident visa.
- An employer has a LMIA.
- That employer has made you a valid job offer based on that LMIA and on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
You must meet all of the following conditions:
- You have a valid work permit or are allowed to work in Canada without a work permit.
- You’re currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from a LMIA, but it is not under an international, federal-provincial agreement or because of significant benefit to Canadian interests.
- An employer other than the one you are currently working for:
- has a LMIA
- has made you a valid job offer based on that LMIA and on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
LMIAs and valid job offers
- You can’t get a LMIA (your employer must do this for you).
- Employment and Social Development Canada will only confirm valid job offers for occupations listed in skill type 0, or skill level A or B, of the NOC.
Adaptability (maximum 10 points)
You and your spouse or common-law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada can earn points for adaptability.
You and your spouse can earn a maximum of 10 points by combining any of the elements below. These elements assess how well you and your spouse are likely to settle in Canada.
|Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
Your spouse or partner’s language levelYour spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all 4 language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).
To get these points, you must submit your spouse or common-law partner’s when you apply. The language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.
Your past studies in CanadaYou completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.
Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week. You must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
Your spouse or partner’s past studies in CanadaYour spouse or common-law partner completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.
Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
Your past work in CanadaYou did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada:
|Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in CanadaYour spouse or partner did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.||5|
|Arranged employment in CanadaYou earned points for having arranged employment.||5|
Relatives in CanadaYou, or your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative who is:
This relative must be a:
The Saskatchewan International Skilled Worker’s Expression of Interest (EOI) points grid is based on a total of 100 points. Candidate must score at least 60 points in order to be entered into the pool of eligible candidates for either Express Entry and Occupations In-Demand sub-category.
Up to 70 points are awarded under the following factors:
Skilled work experience;
Education and training;
Proficiency in English or French;
|Education and training||Maximum 23 points|
|Skilled work experience||Maximum 15 points|
|Language ability||Maximum 20 points|
|Age||Maximum 12 points|
|Connection to Saskatchewan labour market||Maximum 30 points|
|Total||Maximum 100 points|
|Pass mark:||60 points|
If we talk about Education and training scores are given below on points grid:
|Master’s or Doctorate degree||23|
|University degree that required at least three years of full-time study||20|
|Trade certification equivalent to journey person status in Saskatchewan||20|
|Degree, diploma or certificate that required at least two years of full-time post-secondary study, or certificate equivalent||15|
|Degree, diploma or certificate that required at least one year of full-time post-secondary study, or certificate equivalent to a trade certificate||12|
Then we go on Skilled Work Experience and experience should be recent five years prior to the application:
The other factor as mentioned above is language ability:
|CLB 8 and higher||20|
|English or French native speaker without language test results||0|
Applicant receive points according to age:
|Less than 18 years||0|
|Over 50 years||0|
The applicant also receive points for the connection to the Saskatchewan Labour Market and adaptability:
High skilled employment offer
The applicant has a job offer for an occupation classified at NOC level 0, A, B or a designated trade in Saskatchewan contains 30 points
Close relative in Saskatchewan
The applicant or accompanying spouse has a close relative that is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident residing in Saskatchewan. Close relatives include:
Parents, Siblings, Grandparents, Aunts and uncles, Nieces and nephews, Cousins, and Step-family members or in-laws of the same relationships.
The family members in Saskatchewan must meet the requirements enlisted 20 points.
Previous work experience in Saskatchewan
The applicant worked in Saskatchewan for at least twelve cumulative months in the past five years on a valid work permit contain 5 points.
Previous student experience in Saskatchewan
The applicant studied at a recognized Saskatchewan education institution for at least one full-time academic year on a valid study permit contains 5 points aswell.
The British Columbia Provincial Nominee Program provides the pathway to this province of Canada to get skilled and qualified workers from all over the globe, according to economic demand of the province which is most economically developed among Canadian States. The BCPNP allows skilled workers and entrepreneurs to get permanent residency through different streams and the selected candidate by these PNP streams can apply for the permanent residency in Canada through IRCC Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada.
By the start of this year the new registration system launched by BCPNP named as Skilled Immigration Registration System (SIRS) which deals with the applications of interested candidates for BCPNP. It is the Expression of Interest base system like Express Entry which describes points to the applicants and selects the applicants with the best score.
First we will mention here the Express Entry stream which deals with the BCPNP to select candidates for British Columbia like here is British Columbia PNP Skills Immigration stream which deals with SKILLED WORKER CATEGORY which is for the candidates who have eligible Canadian job offer in a skilled occupation with many years of experience or training under skilled occupation. The job offer must be in an occupation classified as NOC level 0, A, or B.
For occupations classified as NOC level B, applicants must have sufficient language proficiency in English or French by showing a minimum score of benchmark 4 under the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) in all competencies and for occupations classified as NOC level 0 or A, no language test results are necessary but if the applicant is claiming points for language. The BC PNP, however, may require valid language test results to determine proficiency in English. Candidate must have to demonstrate minimum income requirements and employer offering job must meet the requirements for employers in BC.
HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONAL CATEGORY in which candidate must have a job offer from eligible BC Public Health Authority in health care like Physician, Psychiatric nurse, helping health professionals among the 11 qualifying occupations in BC and must have two years experience in offered skilled occupation. As a midwife, an applicant must be registered with the College of Midwives of British Columbia and have a letter of confirmation from an established practise group in British Columbia confirming their acceptance into the group as an affiliated midwife for a period of at least six months and signed by the head of the practice group.
Then INTERNATIONAL GRADUATE CATEGORY which is for the candidates who have done their graduation in recent past two years from any eligible institute in Canada. Along with this, a job offer is needed which should be full-time employment for an occupation classified as NOC level 0, A, or B from an eligible B.C. employer.
Along with this INTERNATIONAL POSTGRADUATE CATEGORY which is designed for the students having masters or doctor degrees in fields like Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences, Biological and biomedical sciences, Computer and information sciences and support services, Engineering, Engineering technology and engineering-related fields, Health professions and related programs, Mathematics and statistics, Natural resources conservation and Physical sciences from any eligible institute from BC and candidates have to provide evidence that they intend to live in British Columbia permanently.
And finally the ENTRY LEVEL AND SEMI SKILLED WORKER CATEGORY, including employment in the Northeast Development Region of BC, which is for the workers who are currently living and working in semi-skilled positions in industries like food processing, hospitality or long haul trucking or employed in the North East Development Region of British Columbia. To be an eligible candidate must have received an offer of indeterminate, full-time employment from an eligible B.C. employer, in an eligible occupation, have been employed full-time in an ELSS eligible occupation for at least nine consecutive months immediately before applying with the same B.C. employer supporting the application. Maintain full-time employment throughout the application process and job offer too should remain valid throughout the process. Submit language proficiency test CLB 4 in all components.
EXPRESS ENTRY BRITISH COLUMBIA is aligned with the Federal Express Entry immigration selection system which significantly reduces processing time as Skills Immigration and Express Entry BC almost took 2-3 months. Potential Express Entry candidates are required to meet minimum provincial eligibility criteria for one of these categories under the BC PNP Skilled Workers (including Health Care Professionals category), International Post Graduates which could be applied without a job letter, International Graduates, International Post Graduates category, Entry Level and Semi-Skilled Worker Category.
BC ENTREPRENEUR IMMIGRATION has a unique registration system, known as the Entrepreneur Immigration Registration and the candidates who have registered must be invited to apply before they can submit an application to the program.
Successful candidates will obtain a work permit and, if the candidate in British Columbia fulfils the requirements of the stream on an ongoing basis, they will be able to apply for permanent residence in Canada. This stream provides a pathway to Canadian permanent residence for experienced business people who can establish themselves in B.C. and invest in and give benefits to the provincial economy. Minimum requirements include Personal net worth of at least $600,000, eligible experience as an active business owner with 100 per cent ownership of the business for at least three of the past five years or Post-secondary credential. Submit a business concept that demonstrates an active management role in the day-to-day operations of the proposed business and the creation of at least one new job in the proposed B.C. business with Personal investment of CAD $200,000 is eligible expenses. If proposing a key staff member, the investment requirement increases to $400,000 and the job creation to three.
BC PNP ENTREPRENEUR IMMIGRATION-REGIONAL PILOT is a new immigration pathway for foreign nationals want to start and run a new business in smaller communities across British Columbia which have fewer than 75,000 people. Two years pilot intended to help distribute economic benefits.
BRITISH COLUMBIA PNP POINT CALCULATOR:
Skilled immigration registration system SIRS online point-based immigration in which 120 points are dedicated to economic factors and 80 for the core human capital factors as divide out of total 200 points. SIRS also award bonus points for job offer, early work experience and education history.
To achieve Invitation to Apply 105 minimum are required for EE-BC Skilled Worker, 135 for EE-BC International Graduate, 135 Skills Immigration-Skilled worker, 105 for Skills Immigration-International Graduate, 95 points for Skills Immigration-Northern Pilot Project and 95 for Skills Immigration Entry-level and Semi-skilled. These points guarantee ITA but sometimes according to situation candidates with lower points can achieve ITA aswell.
British Columbia PNP SIRS Points calculator 2019 is here mentioned below:
|Skill Level of the B.C. Job Offer||Points|
|NOC Skill Level A (including Skill Type 0)||25|
|NOC Skill Level B||10|
|NOC Skill Level C||5|
|NOC Skill Level D||5|
|Occupation is a “00” NOC||15|
|Occupation identified in the Top 100 occupations in the BC Labour Market Outlook 2014-2024||10|
|Currently working in B.C. for the employer in occupation identified in the BC PNP registration||10|
|Maximum Score Available||60|
Annual Wage of the B.C. Job Offer Points
$100,000 and above 50
$97,500 to $99,999 38
$95,000 to $97,499 37
Maximum Score Available 50
Annual wage decrease gradually and so the points decrease simultaneously but the maximum scores are 50 as mentioned above.
Directly Related Work Experience in the Occupation of B.C. Job Offer Points
5+ years 15
4 to 5 years 12
3 to 4 years 9
2 to 3 years 6
1 to 2 years 3
Less than 1 year 1
At least 1 year of directly related experience in Canada 10
Maximum Score Available 25
Doctoral or Master’s degree 17
Post Graduate Certificate or Diploma 11
Bachelor’s degree 11
Trades certification 11
Associate Degree 4
Non-trades certification or Diploma 2
High School 0
Post-secondary education completed in B.C 8
Post-secondary education completed in Canada (outside of B.C.) 6
Education Credential Assessment from a qualified supplier 4
Trades certification assessment from the Industry Training Authority 4
Maximum Score Available 25
Canadian Language Benchmark Level Points
Below 4 0
Maximum Score Available 30
Regional District of Employment Points
Stikine, Central Coast, Northern Rockies, Mount Waddington, Skeena-Queen Charlotte, Powell River, Sunshine Coast, Kootenay-Boundary, Alberni-Clayoquot 10
Kitimat-Stikine, Bulkley-Nechako, Squamish-Lillooet, Strathcona, Columbia-Shushwap, East Kootenay 8
Peace River, Comox Valley, Cariboo, Central Kootenay 6
Okanagan-Similkameen, Cowichan Valley, North Okanagan, Fraser-Fort George 4
Thompson-Nicola, Nanaimo, Central Okanagan 2
Capital, Fraser Valley 2
Greater Vancouver 0
Maximum Score Available 10
Canada’s Express Entry program and British Columbia’s Skilled Immigration
Here is the list of the things needed to apply for BCPNP sub categories:
ECA Educational Credential Assessment from any assessing authority
IELTS test with CLB 4 in all components to prove English language proficiency
Valid passport and travelling documents
Work Related Reference Letters
Employers need to substantiate the immigration application of their employees with a written offer of employment on the official company letterhead.
Proof of having sufficient funds required to support themselves and family member
and other basic required documents.